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Monkeypox (MPV)

MPV is a rare disease caused by the MPV virus. Prior to 2022, MPV had been reported in people living in central and western Africa.


  • Rash that looks like pimples or blisters
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

How does MPV spread?

Monkeypox (MPV) spreads through direct skin-to-skin contact with rashes or bodily secretions from an individual with MPV. It is also spread through prolonged close contact with respiratory secretions from an ill individual.

MPV can spread from the time symptoms start until the rash has fully healed and a fresh layer of skin has formed. The illness typically lasts two to four weeks. Most people with MPV recover without treatment. People who do not have MPV symptoms cannot spread the virus to others.

Who can get tested for MPV?

People can get tested for MPV if they have skin lesions and symptoms consistent with the disease. If students suspect they may have MPV, they can contact UHS via the MyUHS patient portal (select ‘make an appointment’ and follow the monkeypox prompts).

Who can get vaccinated for MPV?

In Wisconsin, JYNNEOS (one of the vaccines that prevents MPV) is currently available for the following people:

  • Known close contacts who are identified by public health, and
  • People with certain risk factors who are more likely to have been recently exposed to MPV, even if they have not had documented exposure to someone with confirmed MPV.

More information about risk factors and vaccine availability can be found on the Public Health Madison & Dane County monkeypox webpage. If students suspect they may have been exposed to MPV, they can make an appointment at UHS.

What is the risk of MPV to the campus community?

The risk of contracting MPV remains low among the campus community. MPV is spread through skin-to-skin contact, including intimate contact, with someone who actively has symptoms.

It is important to seek testing and treatment quickly if you are exhibiting a new, unexplained rash along with other MPV symptoms or have had close contact with someone who recently tested positive for MPV.

How can I prevent MPV?

Avoid skin-on-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like MPV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends vaccination for people who have been exposed to MPV and people who are at higher risk of being exposed to MPV.

Currently, MPV vaccinations are limited in Wisconsin. Vaccination guidance is evolving. Continue to seek information from the Wisconsin Department of Health Services for the latest updates on vaccine eligibility.

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