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Monkeypox (MPV)

Monkeypox (MPV) is a rare disease caused by the monkeypox virus. MPV spreads through direct skin-to-skin contact with rashes or bodily secretions from an individual with MPV. It is also spread through prolonged close contact with respiratory secretions from an ill individual.

The most common symptom of MPV is a rash that looks like pimples or blisters, but also fever, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, chills, exhaustion.

MPV can spread from the time symptoms start until the rash has fully healed and a fresh layer of skin has formed. The illness typically lasts two to four weeks. Most people with MPV recover without treatment. People who do not have MPV symptoms cannot spread the virus to others.

Eligible for vaccination?

Schedule an appointment through MyUHS.

Who can get vaccinated for MPV?

At UHS, JYNNEOS (one of the vaccines that prevents MPV) is currently available for the following people:

  • People with sexual or intimate contact with someone in the last 14 days who was diagnosed with MPV (whether or not the person with MPV had symptoms at the time of contact).
  • People who attended an event or venue where there was known MPV exposure.
  • People who attended or had sex at a commercial sex venue.
  • Gay men, bisexual men, trans men and women, any men who have sex with men, and gender non-conforming/non-binary individuals who:
    • Have had multiple or anonymous sexual partners in the last 14 days OR
    • Expect to have multiple or anonymous sex partners OR
    • Have a new diagnosis of a nationally-reportable sexually transmitted disease (like acute HIV, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis).
  • Sexual partners of people with the above risks or people who anticipate experiencing the above risks.
  • Clinical and research personnel who perform testing for MPV.
  • Certain health care providers working in sexual health clinics or other settings directly caring for patients with sexually transmitted infections.

If students meet one of the above criteria, they can request an appointment at UHS. For additional vaccine availability, visit the Public Health Madison & Dane County Monkeypox Vaccination website.

Who can get tested for MPV?

People can get tested for MPV if they have skin lesions and symptoms consistent with the disease. If students suspect they may have MPV, they can contact UHS via the MyUHS patient portal (select ‘make an appointment’ and follow the monkeypox prompts).

How can I prevent MPV?

Avoid skin-on-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like MPV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends vaccination for people who have been exposed to MPV and people who are at higher risk of being exposed to MPV.

Currently, MPV vaccinations are limited in Wisconsin. Vaccination guidance is evolving. Continue to seek information from the Wisconsin Department of Health Services for the latest updates on vaccine eligibility.

What is the risk of MPV to the campus community?

The risk of contracting MPV remains low among the campus community. MPV is spread through skin-to-skin contact, including intimate contact, with someone who actively has symptoms.

It is important to seek testing and treatment quickly if you are exhibiting a new, unexplained rash along with other MPV symptoms or have had close contact with someone who recently tested positive for MPV.

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